Dr Erik Kwakkel (Leiden University)
Maximum: 15 students 
Venue: Senate House

This class develops two threads of inquiry. The main aim is to make sense of the transitional script observed across Europe and the British Isles from the end of the eleventh to the early thirteenth century. Addressed as either late Caroline or Pre-/Proto-Gothic, the script is in a constant state of flux, acquiring new “Gothic” features and shedding traits of Caroline. The seminar will investigate the development of this transitional script, effectively showing how Caroline Minuscule became Gothic Textualis. In addition, it will highlight the significant geographical differences in the script’s execution. The secondary aim is to develop the students’ ability to describe palaeographical features and their development in a quantifiable manner, which is key to studying the transitional script of the long twelfth century. No previous experience with Latin and palaeography is required. 

Student Comments

The topic of the course was effectively covered with valuable insights on ongoing research. The 'Long Twelfth Century' is complicated and controversial, but Mr Kwakkel dealt with it brilliantly and gave us both a clear overview and a new perspective on the way we understand palaeography now.